The New York Times – Signs of the Evolutionary Step From Land to Sea
This article begins with an indirect lede detailing a mystery over an ancient species’ origins. The Ichthyosaur is what they are looking at, and the LA here is the history of that species, and speaks of a recent fossil discovered that may solve some clues on the evolutionary history of the creature.
We are given a fair amount of background, such as when the creature walked the earth, some of it’s features, and how the new findings support certain theories. One such theory is that the species evolved from land-based reptiles to ocean-dwelling sea creatures.
Following that up is a quote from a paleontologist, which is a very reliable source and even though it is the only quote, it has a lot of impact. Overall this was a good article and covers a pretty overlooked part of the earth’s history.
The Baltimore Sun – Damming the bay’s pollution
This article begins with an indirect lead. It summarizes a recent report by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers detailing the effects of a dam in the Bay. The LA follows it up by explaining the adverse effects of the dam, which includes thousands of tons of sludge sitting behind a wall and how it isn’t stopping all of the chemicals that get into the bay through runoff.
The writer does a great job giving us a lot of background information, including detailing a lot of the processes that happen in the bay and how a lot of our issues occur.
Unfortunately, there are no quotes used in this article so we don’t really get a good sense on higher level views on the issue or opinions. That would have made this article stronger.
The Daily Times – Why blame farmers when rest of Md. still pollutes bay
This is an opinion article that starts with an indirect lead which acts as more of a personal experience. He says that a lot of people in a certain area have moved away due to pollution.
His LA is a statement that he doesn’t understand why farmers take the brunt of the blame in terms of pollution the Chesapeake Bay, when everybody else around the area does probably even more harm collectively.
There are no quotes used here, which isn’t necessarily bad since it is an opinion piece, but they would still help nonetheless. Another thing that bothers me a little bit is that he asks more questions than he answers in the article. He doesn’t even really answer the question in the title of his own article.